Many other lesser known but equally breathtaking trekking opportunites and cultural experiences await in Peru’s Sacred Valley. Lake Titicaca is the world’s highest navigable lake spanning from Peru to the border of Bolivia with over 30 islands, some inhabited, with cultures dating back to the pre-Colombian era. Lima, the capital city, claims some of Peru’s best museums, including one of the largest in South America. Arequipa is a stunning town located at the base of the beautiful valley of El Misti volcano. It offers a relaxed, romantic environment complete with colonial charm and rich cultural heritage. Rightfully so, it is an experience no tourist will ever forget. Everything within this city, from the intricate terraces and delicate gardens to the complex system of aqueducts, was designed to both promote and preserve the sacred relationship between man and nature. One can only reach Machu Picchu two ways: The train will take you to Machu Picchu Pueblo station also known as Aguas Calientes where you can then catch a bus to the ruins. Despite the peace and tranquility conjured up by its astounding natural beauty, Machu Picchu is a fervently protected place, inhabited by numerous whistle-blowing guards who noisily herd unsuspecting travelers who have strayed from the main path.

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The elevation of Cusco is 11, feet, so take time to relax and acclimate. After a transfer from the airport to the hotel, enjoy an afternoon guided orientation of Cusco, the Imperial City and archaeological capital of South America. Admire the finest examples of Inca history and architecture with a visit to the city’s most important historical monuments that reveal the influence of different cultures.

Visits include the Plaza de Armas, the Cathedral dating from Spanish viceroyalty times, built with great slabs of red granite renaissance style in contrast with the baroque style silverwork of its interior and the Santo Domingo church built upon the foundations of the Inca temple Koricancha, dedicated to worship the Sun God. Sites include the Sacsayhuaman Fortress; a ceremonial compound and magnificent example of Inca military power that boasts a panoramic view of the city; the Qenqo Amphitheater; a ritualistic site with subterranean galleries that form an underground maze; Puca Pucara, or red fortress; and the Inca Baths of Tambomachay.

Sitting atop a mountain at the entrance to the valley and separated along the ridge are four groups:

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Immigrant groups such as Africans, Japanese, Chinese and Europeans have also contributed to the society , blend of cultures and ways in which Peruvians live. Whatever their ethnic background Peruvians agree on the importance of family and religion. In many cases generations of a family live together where the younger look after the elderly and help each other in difficult times. Peruvians express their culture through their music, literature, art forms, dance, clothing, celebrations, religion, education, sports and clothing.

Fine Arts and Crafts Art in Peru has been an important part of its culture for thousands of years dating back to pre-Inca times. Many skilled craftsmen continue the tradition today. Native Amerindians still spin cotton, llama, alpaca and sheep wool into yarn and weave the yarn into cloth that will be used to make clothing and other textile. Weaving is not limited to wool, residents of the floating islands of Titicaca Lake weave reeds to build the islands and the houses where they live.

Weaving have distinctive colors and patterns distinguishing particular villages. Other hand made crafts include wood carving and jewelry, specially gold and silver.

Culture of Peru

Thursday, October 11th, Today we depart for Peru! For those traveling on the group flights, we will meet in Dallas for our overnight flight to Peru. Cusco is 11, feet above sea level!

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The city was founded in among 4 Chimu settlements to enable the Spanish to ally with them against the Incas. Trujillo is close to the pre-Columbian site of Chan Chan, the largest adobe city in the ancient world and the beach resort of Huanchaco. The famous Nazca Lines are located between the towns of Nazca and Palpa. Created between BC and AD the figures range from simple lines to stylized spiders, monkeys, lizards and human figures. The dry, windless, stable climate of the Nazca Desert has helped keep the lines uncovered to the present day.

Tour agents in Nazca offer round flights in a Cessna to view the lines.

Culture of Peru

The meat was rich, textured like tongue and a bit chewy. The overboiled spuds reminded me of childhood Sunday dinners. The glass of chicha morada, a purple corn beverage, was comforting, like cough mixture. But my delight was contrastive. Following a week in Lima I was midriff-swellingly sated on fine dining. After a glut of refined, sometimes rarefied, lunches and dinners, a plate of offal was both comfort food and penance.

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On arrival you are met at the airport and escorted to your hotel in the fashionable Miraflores district. Meal on the transatlantic flight. Take the optional Colonial Lima excursion, or enjoy a free day in Lima Spend the day getting to know this fascinating city, explore on your own or take our half-day Colonial Lima excursion.

The city tour includes a visit to the catacombs of the monastery of San Francisco and the cathedral of Lima where the conquistador Francisco Pizarro is buried. Afterwards, return to the modern district of Miraflores and visit the pre-Inca site of Huaca Pucllana. Breakfast at the hotel. Fly to Cusco Take a morning flight to Cusco, the historic capital of the Inca Empire nestled in the Andes at 3, metres above sea level.

Take the optional Inca Cusco excursion, or enjoy a free day in Cusco Spend the day getting to know Cusco and acclimating the altitude. Take our optional Sacred Valley excursion, or enjoy a free day in Cusco Spend a further day exploring Cusco, or leave the city behind on our optional full-day Sacred Valley excursion , which takes you about 15km north of Cusco, as the condor flies, to the traditional village and archaeological site at Chincheros, above the beautiful Sacred Valley of the Incas.

Early Horizon

We’re sorry, but guests in wheelchairs are not encouraged to join this tour due to lack of wheelchair accessibility in some hotels and sites, including Machu Picchu. Travelers can experience altitude sickness in destinations higher than 8, ft above sea level. Common symptoms of altitude sickness include headache, nausea, shortness of breath, fatigue, and lack of appetite. Guests with preexisting medical conditions such as heart or lung disease should consult with your doctor before traveling.

Cusco and Puno are 11, ft , ft above sea level, please consult with your health care provider regarding altitude sickness prevention and medication. We strongly encourage you to visit the CDC website and check with your health care provider for a list of recommended and required shots when traveling to Peru and other South American countries.

Lima (/ ˈ l iː m ə /, Spanish pronunciation: Quechua: Aymara:) is the capital and the largest city of is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, in the central coastal part of the country, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area.

From a traveller perspective, South America splits into roughly three regions. The more developed Southern countries of Argentina, Uruguay and Chile; with their European feel, political stability and relatively high standards not to mention great wine and meat. Here you have the main concentration of travellers, drawn not only by the world famous sights, but also the significantly lower cost of travel certainly in Bolivia. And a more ‘authentic’ South American feeling with a great percentage of indigenous population highest in Bolivia and stereotypical scenery.

South America on the whole lacks difficult border crossings and visa headaches although Americas will occasionally run into hefty charges. Bus transport is easy to arrange and there is a very established trail of attractions often known as the ‘Gringo Trail’. Tour mentality and the type of other travellers certainly at the budget end you meet can jade some, certainly in the case of Bolivia where you’ll find the best value for money on the continent.

You don’t need to be fluent in Spanish or even know more than a good number of phases , but a basic level makes a HUGE difference in this region. The same can be said for Portuguese in Brazil. To benefit you need USD cash. Do your research before travel. This is currently the case in Venezuela, but no longer in Argentina. What follows are only basic snap shot summaries. If you have decided these are some of the countries you want to visit and need more planning information, you are strongly recommended to complement what you find here with a planning guide.

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Peru has a long and rich history. The Spanish conquistadors Francisco Pizarro c. The indigenous population of Panama referred to this powerful state as the land of Piru or Peru word meaning “land of abundance” in the region’s native Quechua tongue. The northern and central part of the South American continent was described as such in all the early chronicles and ethnohistoric accounts.

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Rose of Lima Historians remember St. Rose of Lima for her piety and chastity. Her beauty was so great that she was nicknamed “Rose,” a name that remains with her to this day. According to legend, a servant had a vision where her face turned into a rose. At her confirmation in , she officially took the name of Rose. From an early age, Rose wanted to become a nun. She often prayed and Addal A disciple of Christ sent by St. Thomas to the court of King Abgar the Black, the second century Osroene ruler.

Legendary accounts claim Abgar wrote to Christ asking Jesus to cure him of an intolerable and incurable illness. Abgar’s court was in Edessa in Asia Minor modern Turkey. Addal cured Abgar and converted the king and his people to the faith. One of these was Addai, who became Addal’s successor. Addal is also supposed to have sent another disciple, Man, to various sites along the

Hundreds of 12,Year

Forget Reapers and Predators — the drones used here are hand-held contraptions that look like they were assembled in a garage with gear from a hardware store. They are equipped with a microcomputer, a GPS tracker, a compass, cameras and an altimeter, and can be easily programmed by using Google Maps to fly autonomously and return to base with vital data. Flores heads a multidisciplinary team brainstorming the best ways to use drones for civilian purposes.

At a glance the devices look like souped-up hand-held glider. One limitation is that these drones must fly below the clouds. If not their instruments, especially the cameras, could fail, said Aurelio Rodriguez, who is both an aerial model-maker and archeologist.

South America on the whole lacks difficult border crossings and visa headaches (although Americas will occasionally run into hefty charges).

Great Astronomers More than years ago an important civilization took place in Chavin de Huantar, southeast of the Cordillera Blanca. It stretched through the north and central highlands and along the coast. They built large temples, the largest early buildings in Peru, which allowed them to observe the stars and the movement of the sun and the moon therefore predicting climatic changes that benefited agriculture. Those in charge of the temples were priests also know as shamans. They occupied the top of the social hierarchy and became early astronomers who were venerated by locals as having special powers and connection with the gods.

The inhabitants in Chavin believed that these priests communicated with the gods and to honor them they built huge sculptures such as the Lanzon Monolith , Tello Obelisk, the Raymondi Stella and carved heads in their building walls. These sculptures represented a metaphor of the universe as the Chavin inhabitants understood it. They were also known for their artistic pottery. A common trait in the sculptures, ceramics, textile and metal work is the recurring themes such as feline faces, anacondas and flying caimans.

These anthropomorphic figures represent how locals imagined their gods would be. The influence of the Chavin culture reached hundred of miles across northern Peru and it is believed that pilgrims made a long journey to visit its temples, acting as a link among different cultural groups. Located west of Chavin in the Casma Valley lies the temple of Sechin.

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With the wit of Bill Bryson and scholarly research of a history professor, Adams weaves together three eras into one enjoyable travel book. While attempting to recreate Hiram Bingham’s trek and “discovery” of Machu Picchu, Adams also reflects on the Inca civilization that built these ancient cities throughout Peru in the 13th th centuries and its final showdown with Spain in the mid ‘s.

Googling all the bad things that can happen to your body at high altitude can drive you nuts. Remember that over two million tourists visited Cusco and Machu Picchu in and only a handful had an extreme response to the elevation. Yes, you’ll feel the thin air as soon as the airplane doors open in Cusco. You might get a bit lightheaded, headachy or dizzy:

Discovered by Haram Bingham in , Machu Picchu is synonymous with the Sacred Valley of the Incas in Peru. The tourist juggernaut ensures a steady stream of over a .

The heartland of the great Inca empire and the centre of operations for the Spanish conquest is no longer sold as a low-budget, backpacker destination with just one significant activity — namely trekking to Machu Picchu. Resurgent cities, new walking trails and lots of smart, small hotels are opening Peru up to all types of traveller.

Lima, once a dingy and even dangerous city, is rising in tandem with the Peruvian economy. Cooking classes are now offered to visitors as well as the usual visits to local museums and the impressive 1, year-old Huaca Pucllana ruins. Peru has no fewer than three Amazon regions. Walking tours such as those led by Ronald Elward, a Dutch expat limawalks. Low-key, leafy Miraflores continues to be popular with travellers stopping over for a night. The Cordillera Blanca mountain range.

What is changing is the character of lodges along the valley of the Urubamba river aka the Sacred Valley , thanks to properties such as the new room, solar-heated Rio Sagrado riosagrado.

Plan Your Visit to See the Highlights of the Sacred Valley in Peru

Peru country profile How has Fujimori responded? Speaking after the ruling, his lawyer, Miguel Perez, said his client was prepared for the legal process ahead. On what grounds was the pardon granted? He has low blood pressure and an irregular heartbeat. In December, President Kuczynski’s office said he had decided to grant him a “humanitarian pardon”. Doctors, it added, had “determined that Mr Fujimori suffers from a progressive, degenerative and incurable illness and that prison conditions represent a grave risk to his life”.

Peru’s ex-President Alberto Fujimori has been ordered to stand trial for the killings of six farmers. It comes just over a month after he was released from prison, where he was serving

Pachacamac was an important religious centre before the arrival of Spanish conquistadors. Balconies were a major architectural feature during the colonial period. In the pre-Columbian era , what is now Lima was inhabited by indigenous groups under the Ychsma policy, which was incorporated into the Inca Empire in the 15th century. The Walls of Lima were built between and by viceroy Melchor de Navarra. After independence, Lima became the capital of the Republic of Peru but economic stagnation and political turmoil brought urban development to a halt.

This hiatus ended in the s, when increased public and private revenues from guano exports led to a rapid development of the city. During this period the urban layout was modified by the construction of broad avenues that crisscrossed the city and connected it with neighboring towns. In the s Lima started a period of rapid growth spurred by migration from the Andean region, as rural people sought opportunities for work and education.

The population, estimated at , in , reached 1. Metro Lima covers 2, While no official administrative definition for the city exists, it is usually considered to be composed of the central 30 of 43 districts of Lima Province , corresponding to an urban area centered around the historic Cercado de Lima district. Lima is the world’s third largest desert city, after Karachi , Pakistan and Cairo , Egypt.

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